Dutch-German Church of Livorno: who paid to build it? (part 4) Sunday, Sep 25 2011 

This is the fourth and last part of the article about the  contributors for the construction of the Dutch-German temple of Livorno (1862-1864). The preceeding three parts described the different categories of donors: members of the Congregation, livornese people not members and foreign contributors. This part focuses on captains of ships sailing in and out of the harbour of Livorno who were persuaded, or chose, to contribute to the building of a protestant church. The list contains ship names as well.

Generally speaking, donations are lower than those made by the other contributors, apart from two or three cases which, (more…)

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Dutch-German Church of Livorno: who paid to build it? (part 3) Wednesday, Sep 14 2011 

This is the last but one part of the article about the funding of the Dutch-German Church of Livorno (1862-1864). The previous two parts (see part 1 – see part 2) covered the donors who were also members of the Congregation and the ‘Livornese’ donors who were not members. This third part deals with the ‘foreign’ donors’ list which includes a large number of institutions, individuals and organizations in many parts of Europe and Italy (Florence, Milan, Genoa, Carrara…).

The first series of names on this list are related to the protestant organization Gustav Adolf Verein (now Gustav Adolf Werk) in several central european cities. It was named after King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden and it was founded in 1832 in Leipzig as a relief organization, mainly committed to helping protestant religious minorities in many countries and encouraging dialogue with other religions. The list continues with a number of congregations followed by German/Swiss evangelical societies, as well as some german Senate and Government institutions (Hamburg, Bremen and Hannover). Lastly, some cities where money was collected are listed, among which Rotterdam and Geneva which contributed generously.

The list shows also two significant donations: that made by (more…)

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