I extracted the following list from the manuscript ‘Chapel Register‘ of Livorno (1784-1824) by selecting all death/burial acts concerning mariners, sailors and other personnel on board English warships sailing in the vicinity of Livorno or during their stops at the docks in the years 1792-1796.  These ships and their occupants were involved in the English response to the French Revolutionary Wars: Livorno was then used as a supply harbour for the British Mediterranean fleet until the French entered the city during the summer 1796. All English merchant families were forced to flee the town and were able to return only after 1797. Although the sailors and mariners are not directly related to the merchant networks, I thought nevertheless to publish this list as a token of respect in their memory.

Many of the casualties seems related to at least two well known events: the Battle of Genoa (14 March 1795) and the Battle of Hyeres (13 July 1795). The list is ordered alphabetically by ships’ names and, for each ship, individuals are listed chronologically by descending death date. Ships’ classes, type and nominal guns are also included.

I have used the threedecks website as main source for the identification of the ships and the captains’ names. In some rare cases mariners have been buried in the Old English Cemetery of Livorno (they are marked with asterisks in the list) but mainly, as the normal procedure, by the burial-at-sea. Every name is followed by their occupation on board as reported on the death act.

For convenience I made direct hypertext links for ships and captains pointing to the relevant data sheet on threedecks.org. In some cases I have indicated two or more captains when either there have been different captains on the ship during the time span of the mariners’ deaths or the captain could not be determined with certainty among two possibilities – in all the other cases data was insufficient to determine the identity of the captain. The mention ‘uncertain data‘ appears also when a doubtful identification of a ship occurs. Finally I added a few mariners whose ship was not revealed by the register. The position on board of each person has been indicated between square brackets and it’s extracted from the register.

If you happen to have any further information on any of these men, please send me an e-mail.

[Ardent-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 64 guns]
COTTINGHAM Lewis (-1795) [sailor]
QUINTEN John (-1795) [sailor]
GOWER William (-1795) [sailor]
ROBERTS Daniel (-1795) [sailor]
MITCHEL James (-1795) [sailor]
MEAGLE Stephen (-1795) [sailor]
CORKMAN John (-1795) [sailor]
HAYS John (-1794) [sailor]
LEE Thomas (-1794) [sailor]
JEFFERS Rosswell (-1794) [sailor]
[Albion-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
HENRY William (-1794) [sailor]
GRAHAM Oliver (-1794) [sailor]
[Roebuck-class, fifth-rate ship, 44 guns]
KELZ John (-1795) [sailor]
[Barfleur-class, second-rate ship-of-the-line, 90 guns]
KINNEAR John (-1796) [sailor]
[Royal Oak-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
TED Isaac (-1795) [sailor]
BURNESS Gerard (-1795) [sailor]
HARDING Charles (-1794) [Captain’s servant]
POPE John (-1794) [gunner]
HMS BERWICK (Various Captains)
[Elizabeth-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
SCOTS John (-1795) [boy]
MC CONAGAL David (-1794) [Captain’s clerk]
HODGSON William (-1794) [sailor]
LLYN David (-1794) [sailor]
CONNOR Lawrence (-1794) [sailor]
[Sandwich-class, second-rate ship-of-the-line, 90 guns]
WALKER Philip (-1795) [midshipman]
BANNER William (-1795) [boy]
SCOTT John (-1795) [sailor]
[Elizabeth-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
RYAL Mollis Lucullus (-1795) [lieutenant]
LOUNDS Joseph (-1795) [sailor]
LOWTON John (-1795) [mariner]
[1745 Establishment 100-Gunner-class, first-rate ship-of-the-line, 100 guns]
JARVIS John (-1795) [sailor]
HMS ÇA-IRA (Captain uncertain)
[Captured French ship “Couronne”, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 80 guns]
LE GROS John (-1796) [sailor]
PARKER Samuel (-1795) [sailor]
BRAWLEY Abraham (-1795) [sailor]
RYAN Matthew (-1795) [sailor]
DAMPSTER Edward (-1795) [sailor]
HEAT Charles (-1795) [sailor]
DOWNS Nathaniel (-1795) [sailor]
FRY Samuel (-1795) [sailor]
LOWDER Isaac (-1795) [sailor]
HILL Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
MURDY John (-1795) [sailor]
SULLIVAN John (-1795) [sailor]
CRAFTON Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
ELLIS Henry (-1795) [sailor]
[Canada-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
TURNER Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
HMS CASTOR (uncertain data)
[fifth-rate frigate, 32 guns]
GREEN John (-1796) [sailor]
PERGOIN Robert (-1795) [ship’s caporal]
HMS COMET (uncertain data)
[fireship, 14 guns]
LYDEN Thomas Winser (-1795) [surgeon]
BARRY John (-1795) [sailor]
SPLEEN Jeremiah (-1795) [sailor]
CONSTANTINE (Captain James Barbe)
[uncertain data]
*STEWART Charles (-1793)
killed in an accident involving also the mate of the merchant ship Isis *Thomas ODDY (-1793).
They lie together in the Old English Cemetery of Livorno.
[Captured French ship, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
ROGERS James (-1796) [sailor]
JOURNEY Edward (-1796) [sailor]
CHARD William (-1796) [sailor]
WHITEWAY Richard (-1795) [sailor]
RICHARDS Robert (-1795) [sailor]
GREEN William (-1795) [sailor]
ROBINS Michael (-1795) [sailor]
WINSOR Peter (-1795) [sailor]
DEAN John (-1795) [sailor]
SAVER Robert (-1795) [sailor]
WILSON George (-1795) [gunner]
LANE William (-1795) [sailor]
CORNISH Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
BLACKBURN John (-1795) [master]
HOWELL Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
ADAM Benjamin (-1795) [sailor]
PETHILL Oliver (-1795) [sailor]
IRWIN John (-1795) [sailor]
RIDER Roger (-1795) [sailor]
ABRAHAM Robert (-1794) [Captain’ servant]
MCCORMICK Hugh (-1794) [sailor]
– for Admiral Sir Benjamin Hallowell see also Age of Sail Blog.
HMS TISIPHONE (uncertain data)
[fireship, 8 guns]
MCCARTHY Daniel (-1794) [sailor]
HMS CYCLOPS (uncertain data)
[sixth-rate sloop, 28 guns]
PEARSEY William (-1795) [sailor]
[Bellona-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
PURVIS James (-1795) [sailor]
KUNING David (-1795) [midshipman]
[Intrepid-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 64 guns]
HOPPY Tristram (-1795) [sailor]
KILLMAN William (-1795) [sailor]
ASHLEY James (-1795) [sailor]
WINDSOR Philip (-1795) [sailor]
DECREFF John (-1795) [sailor]
MYERS John (-1795) [sailor]
OLIVER Nicholas (-1795) [sailor]
REED Samuel (-1794) [sailor]
PATTERSON Christian (-1794) [sailor]
ENARDI Richard (-1794) [sailor]
PRITCHARD Price (-1794) [sailor]
HMS DIDO (uncertain data)
[sixth-rate ship, 28 guns]
BELDOWN James (-1795) [sailor]
CRAYTON Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
[Roebuck-class, fifth-rate ship, 44 guns]
POWELL Richard (-1795) [sailor]
WILLS Benjamin (-1795) [sailor]
[third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
THOMPSON George (-1795) [sailor]
HUTCHINS William (-1795) [sailor]
BRUNDEL James (-1795) [sailor]
MAHONEY John (-1795) [sailor]
BRADEY William (-1794) [sailor]
SHARDRICK Joseph (-1794) [sailor]
HICKS Robert (-1794) [sailor]
HAWKINS Peter (-1794) [sailor]
LUKE William (-1794) [sailor]
HMS FURY (Captain William Pager)
[sloop, 16 guns]
SEVENDELL Francis (-1792) [sailor]
BRADBY James (-1792) [soldier]
BARTON Benjamin (-1792) [sailor]
HMS GIBRALTAR (Captain John Packenham)
[Captured Spanish ship “Fenix”, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 80 guns]
COOK George (-1795) [sailor]
PYER Charles (-1795) [sailor]
Transport GOLDEN LION (Captain Roger Whidbey)
*WHIDBEY Roger (-1795) [captain] – buried in the Old English Cemetery at Livorno.
[Edgar-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
SPROULL Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
MEARDEN John (-1795) [sailor]
VAUGHAN William (-1795) [sailor]
GLENN John (-1795) [sailor]
TURNER Samuel (-1795) [sailor]
SEALS Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
LONGMAN William (-1795) [sailor]
MC AY Giles (-1795) [sailor]
DUNCAN Robert (-1795) [sailor]
MOORES Samuel (-1795) [master-mate]
GORDON Richard (-1795) [sailor]
HONDREY John (-1795) [sailor]
WILSON Joseph (-1795) [sailor]
*THOMPSON William (-1795) [boy] – in June 2010 I found his grave in Livorno’s Old English Cemetery completely covered by ground.
COFFANY William (-1795) [sailor]
HUGHES Owen (-1794) [sailor]
WATTS Isaac (-1794) [sailor]
BRITTON George (-1794) [sailor]
ALLEN Alexander (-1794) [sailor]
[Perseverance-class, fifth-rate frigate, 36 guns]
NICHOLSON Peter (-1795) [sailor]
CULLUM John (-1795) [sailor]
PRICE John (-1795) [sailor]
Transport LADY VAILLAT (Captain Wilkinson)
ALLEN William (-1795) [mariner]
HMS L’AMIABLE (AIMABLE) (uncertain data)
[fifth-rate frigate, 36 guns?]
RUSKIN James (-1794) [sailor]
STRICKLANE Thomas (-1794) [sailor]
[Perseverance-class, fifth-rate frigate, 36 guns]
LUSSHAM Michael (-1794) [sailor]
[fifth-rate frigate, 32 guns]
WILLIER William (-1796) [sailor]
BOWDEN John (-1794) [sailor]
CAREW John (-1794) [sailor]
Transport MATHEW (uncertain data)
REDDON Michael (-1795) [mariner]
HMS MELEAGER (uncertain data)
[fifth-rate frigate, 32 guns]
BLAKE George (-1796) [sailor]
STILWELL John (-1794) [midshipman]
GAFFORD Robert (-1794) [sailor]
MINERVA (uncertain data)
[Scilian, fifth-rate frigate, 40 guns]
O’LAYCOCK Jonathan (-1796) [Captain’s steward]
HMS MONMOUTH (uncertain data)
[Intrepid-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 64 guns]
WATTS (-1793) [n/a]
HMS NEMESIS (uncertain data)
[sixth-rate ship, 28 guns]
RICE John (-1794) [sailor]
JOHNSTON John (-1795) [n/a]
READ John (-1794) [mariner]
Transport PITT (uncertain data)
MURPHY Owen (-1794) [mariner]
[Boyne-class, second-rate ship-of-the-line, 98 guns]
HUSBAND William (-1795) [sailor]
[Barfleur-class, second-rate ship-of-the-line, 90 guns]
LEVINS John (-1795) [sailor]
HIGGINS William (-1795) [sailor]
WILSON John (-1795) [yeoman]
LARGE Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
GROUNDSELL William (-1795) [quartermaster]
DIXON Robert (-1795) [sailor]
PEALEY William (-1795) [sailor]
DYER Henry (-1794) [sailor]
[uncertain data ]
GORDON Charles (-1796) [mariner]
[Flora-class, fifth-rate frigate, 36 guns]
KIDD Joseph (-1795) [Captain’s clerk]
CLAWELL George (-1795) [purser]
FITZGERALD Robert (-1794) [sailor]
EMPRINGHAM John (-1794) [sailor]
LEONARD Peter (-1794) [sailor]
[Edgar-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
WILTSON John (-1795) [midshipman]
HMS SCOUT (uncertain data)
MAHONEY William (-1794) [sailor]
HMS SINCERE (uncertain data)
[French Captured Ship, brig-sloop, 16 guns]
NORDEN John (-1794) [sailor]
[Southampton-class, fifth-rate frigate, 32 guns]
SMITH James (-1795) [master]
[uncertain data ]
*LEICESTER Henry (-1796) [commander] – buried in Livorno’s Old English Cemetery
[Duke-class, second-rate ship-of-the-line, 98 guns]
MITCHELL William (-1795) [sailor]
KENWORTH Henry (-1795) [sailor]
HUDSON Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
KENNEDY John (-1795) [sailor]
HMS SULTAN (uncertain data)
[Royal Oak-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
HIPPANER James (-1795) [sailor]
[Thunderer-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
FRAZER Mark (-1794) [sailor]
TURNBULL John (-1794) [sailor]
GOWER Andrew (-1794) [sailor]
WRIGHT James (-1794) [sailor]
BLACKMAN William (-1794) [sailor]
EASTON Thomas (-1794) [sailor]
ROLAND Samuel (-1794) [sailor]
SYMPSON Nicholas (-1794) [sailor]
HAWKER Robert (-1794) [sailor]
AUSTEN John (-1794) [sailor]
WALDEN John (-1794) [sailor]
HMS VANEAU/VANNEAU (uncertain data)
SCRUVER Henry (-1795) [sailor]
COOPER Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
STEWART Robert (-1795) [midshipman]
[first-rate ship-of-the-line, 100 guns]
WILLY Abraham (-1795) [sailor]
TAYLOR William (-1795) [sailor]
BAKER Benjamin (-1795) [sailor]
WEDGE John (-1795) [sailor]
WHITE Joseph (-1795) [sailor]
DANE John (-1794) [sailor]
GOTTRIDGE John (-1794) [sailor]
ASTON Thomas (-1794) [sailor]
PEEKS John (-1794) [sailor]
STONE Thomas (-1794) [sailor]
GODSELL Richard (-1794) [sailor]
Transport VICTORY (uncertain data)
DOLLER John (-1796) [mariner]
[second-rate ship-of-the-line, 98 guns]
PERRY William (-1796) [sailor]
DEVON John (-1795) [one of the gunners’ crew]
MIDDLETON Abraham (-1795) [sailor]
DOYLE Daniel (-1794) [sailor]
[Edgar-class, third-rate ship-of-the-line, 74 guns]
HAZELTON Jonathan (-1796) [sailor]
SCOTT Thomas (-1795) [sailor]
ROBINSON James (-1795) [sailor]
YOUNG William (-1795) [sailor]
WATTS Joseph (-1795) [sailor]
PARISH William (-1795) [sailor]
MURREY George (-1795) [sailor]
Undetermined ship
BREAKBACK James (-1795) [mariner] – Captain John Lotherington
CROSBY John (-1794) [sailor]
THOMPSON Gregory (-1794) [sailor]
Traces at the Old English Cemetery of Livorno

William Thompson's grave just found

William Thompson's grave after cleaning

Oddy's & Stewart's grave before cleaning